By Mark Anderson
Last year I discussed at length the benefits of Campus Training, how to perform a Campus workout, and how to fit such workouts into your training schedule. Next week I plan to describe how to get the most out of your campus sessions. Campusing “well”, will reduce the risk of injury, improve your performance on the campus board so you can show up your friends :), and most importantly, ensure that your workouts translate effectively to actual rock climbing. As a prologue to next week’s discussion, I’d like to describe some of the modifications I’ve made to the Lazy H Campus Board over the last year, and the reasons for making those changes.
First off, you may recall that last January I “topped out” on Version 3.0 of my board, so the most pressing task was to make my board taller. The Lazy H was originally built along the contour of the sloping hillside, so it’s not “square”; the west, uphill side of the ceiling is a couple feet higher in elevation than the east, downhill side. So this means the west edge of my campus board (right edge when facing the board) is about 4.5″ taller than the east edge (since the bottom edge of the board is horizontal). So the easiest way to gain more height was to move my smallest rungs from the center of the board to the far right side. This earned me an extra 1″ of height. Next, I decided I would lower the bottom edge (and therefore the first row of rungs) approximately 2.75″ to eek out a bit more height. The tradeoff here is a lower clearance height when walking under the board, and I have to start campus moves from a slightly lower position, which can be annoying.
These two changes only got me about one extra rung (with 4″ ‘Metolius’ spacing), which I’m hoping will not be enough. So I decided to cut out a hole in my ceiling between two roof joists to accomodate another rung. The distance between joists was only about 15″, so I had to trim the top rung to fit. Not the prettiest solution, but better than nothing.
Additionally, over the past year or so I’ve been contemplating the two competing standards for rung spacing. These are ‘Metolius spacing’, with small rungs placed every 4″ from top edge to top edge, and ‘Moon Spacing’, with rungs spaced every 22-cm (approximately 8.66 inches). In my estimation, Moon spacing is far more prolific. Metolius spacing is only used in America as far as I can tell, and even here it’s much less popular than Moon spacing. For the last few seasons I found myself constantly “translating” my Metolius-spaced board into Moon units for the sake of comparison. I got tired of my head hurting during all these workouts, so I decided to make the switch since I was re-building my board anyway.
The expression “1-5-9″ is based on Moon spacing. I’m highly motivated to strive for these feats and compare my campus performance to other people’s around the globe. I think 1-5-9 may be beyond my reach, but I would be very psyched to match Jerry Moffatt’s best of 1-5-8, which I think is within the realm of possibility for me. In many other sports (such as running, swimming, cycling, and weightlifting), training activities and performances are easily quantified and compared. Making comparisons in climbing is very difficult, except when two climbers have climbed the same exact route (which is not very common, compared to the likelihood of two runners sprinting around two separate tracks built to the same specifications). Just about any runner in the world can find a 400m track to train on, allowing easy comparison with any other runner in the world.
Campus training is just about the only more-or-less-standardized activity that climbers perform*, so it provides a significant opportunity for quantification and comparison, assuming common standards are used. It’s amazing to me that I can build a campus board to the same dimensions as Jerry Moffatt’s or Wolfgang Gullich’s** and try to match feats they performed nearly 30 years ago. Even on the rock–which seems to be relatively unchanging–holds break, footholds become polished, and the proliferation of chalk, rubber marks and video reduce the challenge over time, making comparisons in-exact. If you can ignore these variations, you still may have to travel accross oceans for the chance to try your hero’s test-piece, and then you will have a brief moment in time to give it your best shot. Anyone can build a standardized campus board in their own house, and train on it year after year.
[*The Moon Board is a brilliant concept that provides the possibility for worldwide comparison, but the idea hasn’t really caught on, and so Moon Boards are few and far between.
**If you know the exact specifications of the original Campus Board in Nurnberg, please post up in a comment!]
The Moon spacing standard is probably the best choice since its the most prolific, however, as discussed here, 22-cm is way too far between rungs to facilitate steady progression. The solution is to add half-steps, such that rungs are spaced evenly at 11-cm intervals. This equates to about 4.33″, which is just a smidgen further than the 4″ Metolius gap. Close enough to facilitate progression while still allowing quick worldwide comparison. The final result was a board that goes from 1 to 8.5, with half-steps between each rung. If I ever send 1-5-8.5, I’ll add a “rung 0.5″ to the bottom of my board to work 1-5-9.
[Side note: Those who live in the Denver area are well-aware that a new, world-class Earth Treks climbing gym opened in nearby Golden. For those keeping track, the Earth Treks board is 16.7 degrees overhanging with rungs spaced approximately (though somewhat inconsistently) 10.5-cm apart, according to my independent measurements. This may not seem like a big difference (from 11-cm spacing) but it means rung #9 is 8cm lower than on a Moon-spaced board. That’s almost a half-rung.]
Finally, Ben asked here if there was a reason I had oriented my small rungs with the “incut” side up. Ever since then I’ve been wondering what the difference in apparent difficulty is between the two orientations. On the surface, it would seem obvious that incut rungs would be easier to use. However, the incut edge (of a small Metolius rung) includes a relatively massive 5/16″ edge radius, while the flat edge has a relatively small 3/16″ radius. The effect is that while the flat side is less positive, it provides a deeper surface for pulling (9/16″ depth of flat surface compared to 1/16″ depth of essentially flat surface plus 3/8″ depth of positive surface on the incut side).
Deeper holds are easier to use because the point at which force is applied to your finger pad is nearer to your DIP/PIP joints, reducing the leverage (or “moment”) on those joints. Theoretically one could measure the coefficient of friction of these rungs and attempt to calcuate the torque required to hang on them (statically) in each orientation , but such calculations would almost certainly need to neglect all the critical dynamic aspects of a campus move. The most practical way I could think of to determine the apparent difference between these orientations was to mount a set of each side-by-side and try them out.
Qualitatively, here is what I found:
- Flat-Side-Up feels noticeably “sharper” (un-skin-friendly). I could easily see getting a flapper using the relatively small-radius flat side.
- Long moves to distant rungs are easier to latch on Flat-Side-Up rungs. I think this is because when latching a distant rung, the arm is oriented near-vertical, so the ‘slopey’ nature of the gripping surface is not much of a factor, while the extra depth, and sharper lip make the rung easier to latch.
- When attempting long moves, its more difficult to keep the low hand in-play on Flat-Side-Up rungs. I think this is because with larger moves you really need to push down with your lagging hand (more on this next week), while that forearm is nearly horizontal to the ground. An incut edge allows you to pull out slightly, which really helps keep that hand in contact with the rung until you’re ready to remove it. I think with practice I would get better at pushing the low hand in the “right” direction (parallel to the angle of the board) and this would be less problematic.
- Overall, for smaller moves, the flat-side-up configuration was noticeably easier for me. This held true up to a 1-4-7 Max Ladder.
- Overall, for moves at my limit, the two orientations seemed equal in difficulty. When I tried 1-4.5-7.5 or 1-4.5-8 on Flat-Side-Up rungs, I noticed my lagging hand occasionally slipped off Rung 1 (and even Rung 4.5) when I tried to push off (to go from 1 to 7.5 or 8), which made up for the relative ease of latching distant rungs.
In conclusion, I plan to stick with Incut-Side-Up rungs (pun intended). The difficulty seems about the same, but the smooth radius on the incut side of the rung makes them much less threatening to my skin. The last thing I need is a skin injury from campusing.
Next week, I will get into the details of how to campus effectively. Campusing is perhaps the most difficult training activity to do well. If not done properly, campusing is a waste of time, but even worse, it can cause serious injury. Proper form will help you minimize the risk of injury while ensuring you get the most value out of this training.